Angular momentum is the rotational analogue of linear momentum in Newtonian physics.

The angular momentum of a solid body is the product of its moment of inertia ** I** and angular velocity .

In a closed system angular momentum is conserved. Curiously, angular momentum is a vector quantity, and points in the same direction as the angular velocity of the object.

The angular momentum of a system of N particles is just the vector summation of all of its constituents.

The angular momentum of a point particle of mass *m*, moving with velocity , at a distance , from some reference point is:

where the is the vector cross product. The direction of the vector is given by the right hand rule – by holding the fingers in the direction of and sweeping them towards , the thumb dictates the direction of the resultant vector.

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