The Schwarzschild radius is the radius of the event horizon surrounding a non-rotating black hole. Any object with a physical radius smaller than its Schwarzschild radius will be a black hole. This quantity was first derived by Karl Schwarzschild in 1916:
where R_{S} is the Schwarzschild radius, G is the gravitational constant, M is the mass of the object and c is the speed of light.
The following table gives the Schwarzschild radii of some familiar astronomical objects:
Object | Mass | R_{S} | |
---|---|---|---|
Sun | 2.0 × 10^{30} kg | 3.0 × 10^{3} m | = 3 km |
Earth | 6.0 × 10^{24} kg | 8.7 × 10^{-3} m | = 8.7 mm |
Moon | 7.3 × 10^{22} kg | 1.1 × 10^{-4} m | = 0.11 mm |
Jupiter | 1.9 × 10^{27} kg | 2.2 m | = 2.2 m |
Neutron Star | 2.8 × 10^{30} kg | 4.2 × 10^{3} m | = 4.2 km |
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